Missions

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THE CHURCH AND THE WORLD MISSIONS The Food

Administration Moral Force

as a

In November Missions, Rev. Howard B. Grose, representative of the religious press at food administration headquarters, says some interesting things on the present food administration from the point of view of morals and religion. This is a new departure in our government. It makes a direct appeal to patriotic service. In this way it is doing two important things: arousing the sacrificial spirit in the churches and stimulating the highest moral qualities in business men. In the latter is an encouraging promise for the future conduct of commerce. For instance, the Eastern Canned Goods Commission representatives, after conference with the food administrator and his associates, "pledged themselves specifically not to engage in speculation in food products of any kind; to decline to buy or sell for any customer purchasing beyond his normal needs; not to hoard food products; and to load cars to their fullest capacity and urge their customers to do the same." To protect the public and those who are observing the regulations they asked that a license be given to all commission merchants and others dealing in staple foods, including the more important canned goods. They further "agreed to work together for the protection of legitimate business and of the government in its purchase of supplies, to report anyone who in their judgment is evading the food law, and not to offer any futures of the packing of 19I8 without further conference before January first." Other commercial organizations of similar influence and outreach have taken the same action. Among these is the Packers' Committee, representing all classes of

packers. It approved of the government's placing the entire industry under license and assured the food administration of its desire to co-operate in working out war problems. Great power goes along with a compact in which are the great packers, such as Armour and Company, Swift and Company, Morris and Company, and the Cudahy's of Chicago and St. Louis. In the industry which they represent they are able "to prevent speculation, war profiteering, and greed." They have taken such action, not because they were forced to do so, but because they desire to aid the government in every possible way. There are many other similar instances. What is its meaning? It is co-operation issuing from the highest motives, and certainly it will make itself felt in the entire national business life. Since the wholesaler and manufacturer each pledges himself to hold in check the high cost of living and stop profiteering, the retailer will be compelled to fall into line. In this is there not a new standard being established? In the whole movement there is a tremendous moral impact upon the business world. Is there not ground for hope that when the war is over the new standard will have won its way sufficiently to prevent a return to the former and less satisfactory standards ? It is to be observed also that the impact of the food administration upon the religious life of the nation is very strong.

It has placed a high estimate upon the religious organizations,has freely and fully recognized their indispensablenessin enlisting the homes in this food conservationcampaign,and has called upon them for a large and definite service. The results cannot fail to be as beneficial to the churches as to the commercial interests. When our people come to see that 369

370

THE BIBLICAL

WORLD

food conservation and national preservation he had given help to over 1,700 people. are inseparably linked, the response of the Many of them, he says, "were so grateful religious and commercial forces will not be that they wanted to kiss our hands and feet." doubtful, no matter what sacrifice may be Persia.-A returned missionary of the involved. Presbyterian mission in Teheran, Persia, Some of the War's Effects Rev. S. M. Jordan, makes a statement of on Missions how recent developments in the war have The world of today is not the same world affected missionary work. Three of their that we had before the war. While more mission stations in southwestern Persia have significant effects are yet to come, some been in the hands of the Turks since last very important ones may be observed July. While there has been no active already. These effects are noticeable more interference with the work, yet as the or less in all the realms of human activity. Turks came into the cities the Armenians From the Missionary Review of the World, fled before them, leaving their houses and October, we gather a number of instances property to be looted. of the effects on missions. With the English capture of Bagdad and Armenia and Syria.-There is an American Committee for Armenian and Syrian the defeatof the Turksin Persiaby the Russians, the Turks have been expelled from many of Relief. A cablegram to this committee from these places, and conditionsthroughoutPersia the American consul at Tiflis reflects the to becomemoresettled than for several promise conditions in these two countries. The years past. The revolutionin Russia with the number of Armenian and Syrian refugees in triumphof free institutions and its proclamathe Caucasus is estimated at 250,000; tion of religiousliberty is anothersign of the in Eastern Turkey, ioo,ooo. This number timesthat augurswell for missionworkthroughis being increased gradually. There are out the near East. without

250,ooo

employment.

A

large

proportion of the refugees are women and children. The estimated minimum cost of meeting

the needs there is $500,000

per

month. On the list now there are 5,ooo fatherless children who need support. Others who require immediate assistance are more than 5,00ooo.Many of these are widows and children. These families though broken should be kept intact as far as possible, but for such work no funds are available at present. An orphanage for boys is being started, and one for girls will be opened if women supervisors can be sent out. To make possible the development of such work as this the consul appeals for several

workers

and for $3,000,000.

A well-known relief worker in Turkey says in this same connection that the present government is favorable to the relief work that is being done and that the people are extremely

grateful.

In

nineteen

villages

is an interesting psychoeffect of the war on of the logical aspect is called missions in India. Attention to this by Rev. Herman J. Schutz, an American Methodist missionary on that field. Progress there in missions is now very slow. The attitude of the people is more suspicious and their motives not so genuine as before the war. This is illustrated by the following: India.-There

A young man and his family, new converts, came into our training school here in Ballia, a distance of fifty miles from his village. He is perfectly happy here and sends good reports back to his relatives and friends, but they are convinced that these reports are inspired by us and that we have sent him to Europe. This militates against others following his example. Even the ladies visiting in the zenanas are not

having the welcome generally accordedthem. "You have come," the shut-ins tell them, "to see our jewels in order to report to the govern-

THE CHURCH AND THE WORLD

371

ment, so that we will have to pay taxes for them. the censor. The booklet containing the We like you and your teachingsbut we prefer rules of the church government of the not to have you comeuntil this waris over." Reformed church has been declared to be Bohemia.-The war situation places dangerous to the state. Prosecution folthe Protestants in this country in a very lows even the slightest critical reference difficult position. The Austrian govern- to the Roman Catholic church. The ment realizes that the Reformation and the Protestant churches of Bohemia and most glorious period of Bohemian history Moravia are thus brought into a very are vitally related in the Bohemian mind exacting situation. "Nearly all the men and emotions. The traditions of Bohemian are gone, and services are attended by greatness are maintained by the Reformed women and children with a few old men." church. For that reason this church is now The war has cut off the meager financial held in restraint. Evidence of this is seen assistance which these struggling churches in the confiscation of Protestant religious were accustomed to receive from the outside, literature and the suppression of the church and the pastors find it very difficult to propapers. When quoted in the newspapers, vide even scanty support for themselves verses from the Bible are stricken out by and their families.

RELIGIOUS EDUCATION The

of Religious Fellowship Education

The editor of the Churchman,October 27, expresses himself as to the pernicious false standards that relegate religion to an air-tight compartment. A religion of vitality must "permeate a man's existence, and color and animate everything he thinks or does." Attention is directed to the prevailing inclination to limit religious education to the Sunday-school hour once a week. Under the regime of the past the instruction in the Sunday school was supplemented by daily Bible-reading and family prayers in many homes. This is done much less extensively now. A new order of things is upon us. Once cooking and the use of tools were learned at home. Now the girl who would become skilful in cooking and sewing must study domestic science and arts in the schools. The boy who would master the use of tools must study manual training. So also religious education must be carried out of the Sunday-school hour just as these things have been taken away from the home. It must be carried into all

of the activities of life. To this end the "Christian Nurture Series" gives special emphasis. A stimulating illustration of co-operation in this program may be seen in New York in the work of the Fellowship of Religious Education, which operates under the auspices of the Provincial Commission. In its membership are many of the principals and teachers of the public and the private schools of the city, reputable social workers, and aggressive clergymen and laymen. The present task of this organization is a survey of the church schools in and near New York. Under the survey committee are many subcommittees of six to ten experts in charge of such studies as: curriculum, the spiritual life of the child, social activities, administration, finance, teacher-training, and parent co-operation. This work is in its incipiency. What the outcome may be no one knows. The facts obtained and conclusions deduced will surely be profitable to the Provincial Commission. But the really prophetic thing is that many of the greatest leaders among the school people of New York City are united in a fellowship