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FILED' to DEC 02 L3:13USIH:-O~:E
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF OREGON
GREG CHILDS, an individual, Plaintiff, vs. FARMERS GROUP, INC., a California Corporation; FARMERS INSURANCE EXCHANGE INSURANCE COMPANY OF OREGON, an Oregon Corporation; JACK CRAEMER, an individual; JARED HANSEN, an individual; and MICHAEL KOLLER, Defendants. Daniel K. Le Roux Matthew C. Lackey Portland Civil Law, LLC 610 SW Broadway, Suite 510 Portland, Oregon 97205 Attorneys for plaintiff Carolyn D. Walker Stoel Rives LLP 900 SW Fifth Avenue, Suite 2600 Portland, Oregon 97204 Attorney for defendants Page 1 - OPINION AND ORDER
Civil No. 10-802-AA OPINION AND ORDER
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AIKEN, Chief Judge: Defendant filed a motion to dismiss against plaintiff's Complaint.
Defendant's motion is granted in part and denied in
part. BACKGROUND Plaintiff, Greg Childs, filed this action against his former employer, Farmers Insurance Exchange ("FIE"), Farmers Group, Inc.,
Farmers Insurance Company of Oregon (collectively
"Farmers"), and his former supervisors, Jack Craemer, Jared Hansen, and Michael Holler.
Plaintiff alleged seven claims
arising out of his termination of employment.
His claims against
Farmers include: 1) failure to pay overtime in violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act, 29 U.S.C. § 2016(b); 2) back wages and overtime under Or. Rev. Stat.
failure to pay
3) wage discrimination and retaliation under Or. Rev. Stat.
652.355, 653.060; 4) whistleblower discrimination under Or. Rev. Stat.
659A.230; and 5) wrongful discharge.
Plaintiff also alleges two claims against the individually named defendants Craemer, Hansen, and Koller, alleging: 1) aiding and abetting discrimination and retaliation under Or. Rev. Stat. 659A. 030 (1) (g) based on wage and hour violations and whistleblower discrimination (Claim Five); and 2) intentional interference with economic relations
(" I IER")
Defendants move only to dismiss the claims against the
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individually named defendants. STANDARDS Under Fed. R. Civ. P. 12 (b) (6), once a claim has been stated adequately, it may be supported by "showing any set of facts consistent with the allegations in the complaint." Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007). v. Spielberg, 736 F.2d 1352, 1357 470 U.S. 1052 (1985).
See also, Litchfield
(9th Cir. 1984), cert. denied,
The complaint must allege, however,
"enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face."
Twombly, 550 U.S. at 570.
For the purpose of the motion
to dismiss, the complaint is liberally construed in favor of the plaintiffs, and its allegations are taken as true. Walters, 719 F.2d 1422, 1424
(9th Cir. 1983).
DISCUSSION Defendants move to dismiss plaintiff's fifth and seventh causes of action.
The issues presented to this court are
identical to the issues recently before Magistrate Judge Stewart in a case also involving FIE and an allegedly wrongfully terminated plaintiff.
See Grosz v. Farmers Ins. Exchange, Civ.
No. 10-563-ST (D. Or. Nov. Recommendations) .
The parties here made identical legal
arguments as those considered by Judge Stewart in Grosz.
Stewart ultimately recommended dismissal of the aiding and abetting discrimination claim based on wage and hour violations
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and the IIER claim, but denied the motion as to the aiding and abetting claim based on whistleblower discrimination.
I find no
reason to deviate from Judge Stewart's recommendations considering her thorough analysis.
I also note that the
attorneys for both sides are identical to the attorneys involved in the dispute before Judge Stewart and have submitted virtually identical legal memoranda in support of their positions. 1. Aiding and Abetting Claim Under Or. Rev. Stat. § 659A.030 (Fifth Claim)
Defendants first move to dismiss plaintiff's claim against the individually named defendants for aiding and abetting wage and hour violations and whistleblower discrimination. Stat.
659A.030 (1) (g) prohibits "any person, whether an employer
or an employee to aid, abet, incite, compel, or coerce the doing of any of the acts forbidden under this chapter or attempt to do so."
The statute explicitly prohibits an employer from
discriminating based on "an individual's race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, national origin, marital status or age." Or. Rev. Stat. § 659A.030. The parties dispute whether the individually named defendants' alleged aiding and abetting based on wage and hour violations and whistleblower discrimination was included in Or. Rev. Stat.
659A.030 (1) (g).
Defendants contend that because
neither basis is included in the specifically enumerated
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categories of 659A.030, the bases are excluded. Defendants maintain that the statute only includes claims based on the expressly enumerated categories in 659A.030. Moreover, defendants argue that the aiding and abetting subsection does not apply to other sections of Chapter 659A, like whistleblower discrimination, despite the subsection's explicit language that it applies to "acts forbidden under this chapter." Id. 659A.030 (1) (g).
Defendants also rely on the legislative
history to argue that the subsection's language refers to the . Chapter as it stood before a 2001 change.
In contrast, plaintiff
maintains that the statute includes all claims under Or. Rev. Stat. Chap. 659A, including whistleblower discrimination and wage and hour violations, because the subsection states "under this chapter."
Judge Stewart found that Or. Rev. Stat.
included whistleblower discrimination because it arose under Chapter 659A.
Grosz, at *15.
However, the statute did not
include wage and hour violation claims because they arose under Chapters 652 and 653, and merely have a remedy available under Chapter 659A.
After conducting a thorough statutory
analysis, Judge Stewart concluded that "[i]gnoring the express language of ORS 659A.030(1) (g) would create a patchwork mess out of Chapter 659A" requiring courts to conduct a detailed analysis each time an aiding and abetting claim is raised to determine if
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the "claim applied to the section at issue before 2001."
Defendants also argue now for the first time in their reply that plaintiff insufficiently plead his whistleblower discrimination claim.
However, as Judge Stewart noted in Grosz,
a reply memorandum is an inappropriate place to raise a new motion to dismiss.
Id. at *6, n. 2.
Accordingly, the court will
not address that argument. Therefore,
I grant defendants' motion to dismiss the portion
of the aiding and abetting claim based on the wage and hour violations, but deny the motion as to the portion of the aiding and abetting claim based on the whistleblower discrimination. 2. IIER Claim (Seventh Claim)
Next, defendants move to dismiss plaintiff's claim for IIER. Defendants contend Koller, Craemer, and Hansen cannot be held liable for IIER because plaintiff alleges that they were all acting within the course and scope of their employment during all relevant times. 901 P.2d 841
See McGanty v. Staudenraus, 321 Or. 532, 538,
(employee cannot be held liable for IIER when
he is acting within the scope of his employment).
plaintiff argues that he pled IIER in the alternative, and therefore, the claim should survive. Parties are allowed to state claims in the alternative. Fed. R. of Civ. Proc. 8 (d) (2) .
However, plaintiff must allege
sufficient facts to state a claim for IIER.
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Pleading a claim for
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IIER requires a party to prove: (1) the existence of a professional or business relationship (which could include, e.g., a contract or a prospective economic advantage), (2) intentional interference with that relationship, (3) by a third party, (4) accomplished through improper means or for an improper purpose, (5) a causal effect between the interference and damage to the economic relationship, and (6) damages. Porter v. OBA, Inc., 180 Or. App. 207, 213, 42 P.3d 931
(quoting McGanty, 321 Or. at 535). The parties dispute only the third element, which is identical to the dispute considered by Judge Stewart.
Stewart concluded that the plaintiff in Grosz failed to plead sufficient facts to establish that the individual defendants were acting outside the scope of their employment because all of the allegations related to the individual defendants' supervisory roles.
Grosz, at *19.
Similarly here, plaintiff argues that
Hansen and Koller refused to pay plaintiff overtime and used an unauthorized eleven minutes of worked overtime as an excuse to terminate him.
Nothing in the Complaint alleges that Hansen,
Koller, or Craemer were acting outside the scope of their authority or that they were not acting for Farmer's benefit. Because plaintiff has not alleged sufficient facts to support an IIER claim, defendants' motion to dismiss the seventh claim is granted. CONCLUSION Defendants' motion to dismiss (doc. 15) is granted in part Page 7 - OPINION AND ORDER
and denied in part as follows:
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defendants' motion to dismiss is
granted as to the portion of plaintiff's Fifth Cause of Action (Aiding and Abetting) based on wage and hour violations and plaintiff's Seventh Cause of Action ( IIER ) ; the motion is denied as to the portion of plaintiff's Fifth Cause of Action (Aiding and Abetting) based on whistleblower discrimination. IT IS SO ORDERED. ~
Dated this _,__ day of December 2010.
Ann Aiken United States District Judge
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