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BRIEF REMABKS ON
MISSIONS TO POLYNESIA. part of the heathen world since the days of the first lieraMs have missionary enterprises bnen more saccessfal, than to Polynesia; the history of which, at the same time that it gives ample testimony to the sufficiency and remedial efficacy of the gospel to raise ban from his iallen state of degradation and misery, and to restore him
^ virtue, holiness, and to God; also, gives the most satisluctory and
comarguments of Infidels, hy which, they in saligning the gospel, endeavour to show that it is insufficie'nt to raise jian from his fallen state ,and to civilize, moralizo, and bles3 him. And'it Is worthy of remark, that it Wijs at a time when bold during Infidels, cspecially on the Continent of Europe, were raising their blaspheming tongues against God and the holy doctrines of the cros:^, ( to which they were indebted for many of the blessings which they enjoyed,) that it [pleased God to give wonderful success to the preaching of the gospel by iHis servants pmong the barbarous natives of Eastern Polynesia, who ivere thereby blessed in all their civil, and Spiritual relations. And » i.js, by the eJevation and salvation of one of the most savage and deplete refutation to ail the subtle
Igraded portions of the
[which no other means could
by the preaching
of the gospel ,( to Infidels
)God gave such a rebuke
[llnd all unbeuevers,a8 should forever sufRce to shut their llence before the glorious triumphs of the gospel.
beautiful iskuds of tha Pacific were not discovered, till the latter Captain WalHs of his^ majesty's ship Dolphin, of the last century. [discovered the island of Tahiti in the year 1767, as he was directing his [way across the comparatively, untraversed waters of the Pacific; and he jwith no small joy took possession of it in the name of king George breeso for [II, and raised over it that flag, which has braved the battle But the missionaries of the cross subsequently, imore than 300 years. [took possession of it in the name of a gr«ater king,— even king Jesus; \an^ af^er a mighty struggle with the great enemy of souls, by the help
him from his fortified possessions, with a shout of triand raised over his citadel, powerfully fortified against Zions' king, the banner of the crcs8,which has for nearly two thousand I years braved all the storms of earth and hell. When Captain Wallis returped to Britain, and made known hts discoveries in the Pacific, there was much interest awakened in the minds of many persona aboat this jnowly discovTid portion of the globe, Qspecially|among samns; which, led to the appointment of Captain Cook to convey astronomers and other sciI antifle men thither, which enterprise, reculted in the discot'ery of many new islands of the Pacific, by Captain Cook, among which were tha Sandwich Islatids, where he waf killed in a quarrel with tha natives in These late discoveries, which took place according to the year 1797. the purpose and proyidenoe of God, opened up inew doers for the spread of the gospel in this portion of the heathen world, and brouj^t to light many astounding facts, relative to tha awfully degraded condition of the natives of these fair blooming isles, whose rich fruitful hills, and Edeu [of the Lord, drove
that is truly attractiva
\So'^ -^ r1
rlcb in verdure, regaleJ the
senses of tlie nnxious man-only rcmainn^g unlove-
ner, on bis first approach to their shores; a brutish cannibal vilo and degraded ly
which circumstance, when ; Dut, published in tlie Christian world, was considered incredible. iho' the natives were thus found to be degraded and brutalized, by their liorrid rites and savage practices.yet there was much in them toexcito Their couninterest on their behalf in the minds of their new visiters. tenances, for the most part, are open and prfipossessing, having little in common with those of the African, but often bearing a strong resemblance to those of the European; and thsir intellectual faculties are not naturally Their inferior to those of the inhabitants of other parts of the world. visages present every variety of shade, from a light brcwn, or copper Those of the colour, to r. dark brown, or olive, and sometimes blaci:. former colour inhabit Eastern rolynesia,and those of the latier Western There can be little doubt, that ail the eastern islands Polynesia. of Polynesia were peopled from A ia ,but the origin of the other race who inhatit the western islands of the Pacific, is inveloped in greater The former race is termed Malayo-I'olynesians , aiid the obscurity. latter Papuans, who appear to be the rei>l Aborigines of the Pacifi;^ O-
This race inhabit the Feegee Islands, Loyalty Islaids, Now Cacean. ledonia, Kew Hebrides, the populous island of New Guinea, and other isThe marks of distinction between the Ma1"'h19 of less importance. liij j-Polyne5ian9,and the Papuans, begin to appear at the Feegeo Isaltho'» tho natives of lands, sibout 400 miles from the New Ilobrides ;
Marce, Lifu, and Uea ; and also, New Caledonia, the Loyalty Islands manifest nearly the same proximity to tho Malayo-Polynesians r.s the The distinction Feegeeans.especially in the light oo) ar of their skin. however, between the two races who people Polynesia, in thei'' language, stature, and personal appearance, is quite manifest at the New Jlebrides. Of tiie Mala; u-Polynesians , the natives of tho Marquesas
Islands are the most perfect models of beauty ; and of tlie Papuans, the natives of Vufe in the New Hebrides, who are inveterate cannibals. The Yateans also, follow the inhuman practice of diminishing the nun^bcr oi their ohiidrop,by burying them alive, when (hey become any cumbrance That a million oi iiuuian beto their wretched down-trodden mothers. enveloped in thick ings thus dcgrc ^ d and ruined without the gospel should awaken In the region and shadow of death darkness sittii ninch sympathy on their behalf in the hearts of many British Christians
soon after they were discovered, with an ardent desire to send them tho About this gospel the only remedy for fallen humanity, is no marvel. Uaie, the Lord put it into the hearts of several of His servants, to care for the perishing heathen, among whom was the liev. Melville Home, who published a series of letters on the subject of missions, in the Evangelical Magazine, towards the end of the last century, which led to tho formation of tne London Missionary Society ; whose first noble work in in the cause of foreign missions, was the sending of the missionary ship Duff with a band of missionaries to Tahiti in tho South Seas ; who after their arrival there, laboured for a season under many discouragemeuts & But after a Icng persecutions, so that several of them left tho island. season of prayer and perseverance in the good work, God heard the
prayers of His faithful servants who remained on the island, and the Howas poured out from on high,and many were turned to tho Lord; so that henceforth from Tahiti sounded out the word of tho Lord And wo should pray to many other islands of lilaslcrn Polynesia. ly Spirit
(3) nlynfisia, wliat ITe lias made Tahito make Aneiteura to Wes'ern T Th; London Mi.ssionary Society pro3ccuted Eastern Polynesia.. vi^or, and from time to time their missions to tho South Seis with great by sendin;^ out ordained tiie number of tlieir first mis>ionurios,
among whom was the calebrated Williams, who in his indi fatiChrisl's precious name amoiip; cable exertions to spread the savour of tons, under tiio most unthe perishini:; heatlion, built a vessel of about 80 island, carrying teachfavourable cTrcumstances, and went from island to Malayo-Polynesians heard of salers with him.iill more than 200,000 ho ceased not his novation from sin and from wrath by the cross ; and -shing souls, till ho fell a martyr ble exertions for tho salvation of p isr.9, wnile on an assassin's club .at Erroman?;o, in the year
under the Thus lerniinaled tli.'s errand of mercy and love to its cruel inhabitants. zealous missionaries ot the cross, wi'h life of oao of the most active and blessed for many years.vhich tho Church and the world have been of God "rant, that his ra."-ntle may descend on many otlicr missionaries glad tidmgs ot salvation, and bethe cro^s till ail nations shall hoar the of Satan— shout unto God witli the voico in-^ delivered from the thraldom be a great king over oflriumph, acknowledging the Lord Most lli.^h to Tho language of Mr. Williams, when pleading wthtlui all the earth.
aid him in Committee of the London iMissionary Society for a vessel to clearest manner the true spirit ot the work of missions, maniiesta in tho missionary," he says," was never designa mis^ionarv of the cross— "A or two natives, and sit down at ed by .T"sus Christ to gather a hundred was saved, whihi thousands around P!T«c,as contented as if every sinner each other's llesh, and drinking ii'im,'aud but a few miles olV, are eating For my part, tho gospel. each other's blood, living and dying without He showthe limits of a single reet." I cannot content myself within time how much more missionaries could do, in I'd the Committee ai tlii,-Sucli supplied wiih mean-;. cpreadin'' the cospel, if they were better animated this noble herald ofthu cross, when he parted \l t'lp spi'-it that
carry the glad tidings of salvation with his wife and family at Samoa, to Papuan race in the western isles of the Pacific, for whose salvatiand believing something on he had long and ardently desired to do possessed, be a key to the Loyalty Isthat Uie New llebrides would, if Now Caledonia, and New Guinea, he directed his course thither
two of whom he left by tho way at carry'in^ twelve teachtrs with him, an urgent demand for teachers. was there where Ptotama, of island the Hebrides, no circumstance transtho at arrived Williams Mr, After
moro than his reception by pired which animated and cheered his soul for tho next day al'ter havtho Tane^^e, with whom l.e left two teachers Erromango, he said that he was alill" left thorn, while on hi? way to and come and live at; most determineil to bring his lamily from Samoa, Taneso and other Papuans to the New Hebrides, that he might add the Hut iha night following he was very gloomy, tho kingdom of Christ. exchanged the earthly sleop forsook his waking eyes, and die next day ho with hands, eternal in tho house of bis tabernacle, for an house not made And with the valuable life of Mr. Williams.ceased to a "oat heavens. baportion of the kingdom^ extent any successful eli'ort to subdue this Jesus, till the Presbyte-ian Gharch lan under the dominion of the Lord John Geddie, and the Ueforraed 1 resof Nova Scotia Bci.t to it the Kev. tho Kev. John Inglis, who have been snc-,
bvlerian Church oi Scotland ever been estaraising the first Christian Church which has ce&sful which, Mr. among t!u) Papuan race for the accomplishing of
blood, 1 .1 ,.«,.«a ^( rrrntnanfo With hls heart's Williams stnincl the «to"''\«f^'"7cimrches to go up and take possessthe^e ^'^'"*;''';' cncouras.ng surely God is now ^f ^ rich harvest '^^^^^^^ ™ore U.. o?.he lana,;.y ^^^ stiU j one .mi Aim j g^ Christnf prccions souls. , the a a.n^ e(f-t..ally -si.t >a establishing an enicient to 'u™;' , jhonouring an ol.j^ c., is, -^^.^ Hebrides, to eSeminnry at A.uM,eu.n of the En.
aucute a Par^--'^",
?;^JJ^, language and
in •''^''\'"''''V'i'tv would I have no doubt, assist sirJleslls now generally felt to
vigorous Erad^:r-foreJ^n.:issionary_c^enUions, and
onaries of the London 31. l^eegee Islands aj-e now
"^^^^^tlropposition and let us not rP-^^f ^^.PSushing themselves at ti.ose wau entertain the idea, that nro"ress of our missionaries. New Caledonhi will »>« '"^^''^^'^''"^tn bv^ he Pope to a section of his The South S-: if-^;J-?, to aeeompll.h thi., ofCeVand rthf mv^ u ^ _^„ u^^tncttint. missiarmy ui h ranee to uo auuv,a
part of J.^'u be mot by v'^'orous efforts on the ;; ^ :',its to ufe PaeiOe, sueh as furnishing tbo of
;'\'^! n "ari.s, so as to facilitate the progress °!P^etHcient '' ^'^^""'^ "^ , to establish ; tion of the world under in ^"^^ S .missionaries of the cross, ;,^', to the empire sub^^ be n c it ^ovd Jesus e e
the ^^S'ated ^^^^ the dominion of the ln= -•^^''•^>''; ';''"° Home. of 1 and of the rope a bishop ,,uh n ^^,,, e ,^^^l^ ve. .en ^ars ago theor ^ ^^.^^^ ,he fact, that but a few I .om^ -.ori «o the to ightenn priests for hi^rich dress V^^ apriests ^^.cdby -' -y the natives at li>:\'-l'\'\'l.^l^.^"^^'.lV_l .„ ... -^i, i,u nc'-s'on was decorated, ) the wihvc^^^^ and gay ornaments ^^^^,^,^,^ f4ld ; and. that l;'0;nes;^ el bondoncd this part entrance info ^f^;;, ^^^„^^^ ^,.,^ ii,,;, .h
Tho ,,,„. their
blessed gospel of
u. Malayo-Polynesians .f ',^,\" humanity :-it hn, i^'t'^'llf,\,^^^S. t,i/in in like•
;--:;;;;;;';';;^j-i,- yet destined,'
'^ Ln., ere they
cle, and are of the gospel to the introduction the natives were :n,uk '"^«
-^;,^ e ^^^.^^n nto
f "^^iJ^^^^Jof L
Polynesia, ,3 i the pr^sent
S^SSaleSb:ur:ngtrLfc.t.e^^^^ on accoun
pvi^c.l flesh Ihey higidy w.th changed their child. en
i, ,,« of ^;^„,_ reparea-300 huhincrs picpareu ""f "«^'';^Xothei things among announced, the cook
bodies are so i
That Europeans, who arc killed in disnosod of, is a well known fact. amon^ thorn in the disagreeable
thoir (Jtjarrcla with the
ThorJis however, a flavour
of. their flesh,
superiority of the «tranger a which, to-^olher with a dtead belief in the under the providence of Liod in prtserviug CO'' oponite favourably Woman, waa this dreadful fate. I)eacet\l)lc foreigner?, in general, from eapccially after marriage,-term, the of sense every in de-graded found her ihe who henceforth became the slave of her unhappy lord, who gave the worst of the food. hardest of the work to perform, and fed her with touch an csfVering for the gods, in order It was sullicicut for a woman to was exercised by the servants of to pollute it ; and therefor;,', great care of female relatives.— the priests, to seize their victims in the absence in the instrumonl.«\ on n certain occasion called at an house
something to eat, wiiich absence of tlie landlord, and a iked his wife for her husband, and fiudshe readily gave them. They then inquired for him-clubbed him, and carin- that he was planting bananas— went after His wife came out in time ried him away lor an olforing to the gods. husband, and the scene that ensued to witness the assassination of her manliest was truly aiVecting. Some of the natives on these occasions, relatives, while others again aptheir for allecliou and tenderness Creat This man w„3 cold indifference. tiiar to be the very person: lieation of which he recieved, he tpake a Chris'. an for.reccvering from the first blow name of Jackson, who resided of his hope in Jesus. A forei-ner by the states, that ho came to a scttleai th'^ F.-egee Islands for several years, provisions was prepared, upraent on jit^-tpin occasion where a heap of He being fantastically ornamented. i,n wiiieii was set a young woman what sheroqu .''-ted with, their horrid practices at such times, knew well there for, and resolved, that he would save hsr at any hazard, ;
which resolution, he succcfs-fully carried into effect. Well may " it is to the go?pel alone, woman is indebted for fior Robinson say, that The burying countiies". the privileges which she enjoys in Christian inhuman practices. A Feeof relatives alive, was also another of thoir certain day folding up his cee young man, was found by a stranger on a because he mat on which he had been sleeping, going away to be buried, " hla" was sickly ;— and thereforu was alVaid the women would call him is intolerable.— skeleton. ) and laugh at him, which to the Feegeeans, Profes-
dug iiis grave, and refusing to hear hi* request to be straninto it, aftei rather than smothered i.T a grave, forced hiro to get in which be trampled the earth upon him till his groans were hushe'l Aft-r the ceremony was over, his father, mother, and relatives death.
lli^ lather ''ied
bade him fariwel!
home and made merry.
several isTheir wars, were carried on with dreadful carnage, so that On one isi.-.ud the natives were lands were thereby nearly d.-populated. fighting with reduced to six or ei?;ht "individuals, and they were then Prisoners taken in war, were generalfor the chieftainship.
Jackson says, treated by their victors. ly slain for their flesh, or cruelly Islands, ho saw forty prisoners lashed that while he wa3 at the Foegee canoes.— Their cries with banana-trees, and used as roller? for launching shrieks, which could be heard for half a mile, were entirely jvnd piercing
cruel victors. drowned bj^he howling song and demon-like laughcf their When the hunching was over, some of the poor fellows were found in lying with their entrails completeviolent convulsion--, while others were ly crushed
expiring in dreadful agony.
of the natives
'^''^7,/;p,,,,,.^n/in the miJst of
hut a tew milc^
whom, a nussmnuoff,
..annibal .m each o,hor'« ^^f '!; "^,.k inio all tho horror, ot "";'^i;:'^^ ^^ |''"''l'^ Caplun 1mo„t the RO'pel." llu3 luto visits of by -st.a e a ve y H wcTu .„ ^^^^y n^ away „„1 binuaulosraaauon ^^^^^^^_^^,,^,^^, ,khio to Uo.un'.i If nvo .omKimtM tl-o cans. t .
y"°''"*'/;l' ot .h..o ^^^ '
y.ar.s_ a,o. ih.
™as.acr.a at Vat« m «1^^^.^, ^j .;.'''; o^, bodi.. were .-i.ea nn.l ,h. uf thciv crews at Marco ot 1. not the woV.t '' r^^t thi. f, ..ncrriod o>Vby tho without th. go.pel-, wi.ch -4 -^'J^^^i.^^at awfully condition =--Mt .. hen Unnr future pro.pc
cannot cumprcthi. word, whicii wo ./J;;j°,"°/in u depth "\ "; " j ,„„i;; The destruction ol ono houI
Ah, there .3 l.,„a ,wh.n apphed
"^J" to ^>'"
,"1"^°; of fretting leproMC?, ,1 ^,,, s„f,erings 'i»pl'C-\"'°\\ carna-c-moro— ia hc'.l forever, ,1 .• .,, ..t-ir its bloody if they ' postikntial pla,u.., of fall', humanity Hn,^ ;^r^i. ';; .^'7, l"'^-"" iniiniteJy more than sutVorer. AlUhe^e ihu.saon ono „f in tlu- pci .0 of the doors could bo concentrated ^^^^^ ^^^^ ..jUadows prison ot "J'" -y; ; ' ' , of those portals, whiciv this side of the i^^jju If tho And oh, how fear (I II o( d.ath." f ^ J ';;^;,„ ,,,os., send forth sueh »1'=°\=^\'''';„ V present sullevings of per.sh'
lu n all ^^;° "; ^S,
ofdarluvss for-ver/ e bh eknc:-s what must says the Ilcv. Mr. llali,".t t 'oul", ,^1^V In moon hor bright..To shadow ''•^•••K'l'^l'°^:,f "*:V i. t^.; aid tho tl>« "" would not .ntVicc tor ^i ,Au. heaven, with saekelo.h ^^^ the ocean ^ " for her to utter ness, or to cover J.^J^ j j^ ^^ possible to become of tho „or were all nature j!^,,,;,!; ,, „,icquate iuea "^J deep, or a c y loo V^^'^^'' ,.. ,, .roan too The Lord from heaven oi ^'^^ „.';,nitude, and extent ,ets.,"as never man snake';.ot this
f''f o' tl>en^«
'_^ j;;^^),^,,.;. ^ 5,,^, v,-orm-thirstin?. spakc on this awful ^''''•\ liie, .f lie spake of tho ii,u„e=,-and the unriuenchahic ;„ soul perishms and torments of a lost '"'J° '"'^^i. „,ui the saving of ^vhen Ho set forth tJ-J--;;- ( l! tc5 to the ^loi^of God-is. sinners from ^«'"S '^.^ ;^;",i^missioa into our world. .How greatll^-^^^^j,, soul viewed in light an object worthy ot >e ^.u-ation of one 2veat tl'^n, mu=t bo from tho
exceedinu' of etern.:
error of hi.
.^^^ '^fj ,om ,f^=^^« -y"" way shall '^«^
Olains". The „»uch cold -^-•^^,'^"^%^;"^, au^.ts
^^,,,.,„.t„t,, , dinner amuU.tudo death, and shall hide ,w.ll. as ,^,,, an event as tnis . when the glad tidings ot
and Satan and it. a shout of thanksgiving,
linioa of sin
(7 to lioil for the victory to be lieurJ in
tbc ho5t3 of
IIU roynl ciiy:--"Joy uboiinda in
Tbo blessed jj;o3[ml is the only remedy to meet tliO desperate case of lUe lienlben, und we should make liastc to preach Christ unto them, beSatiiu's ntrong Iioldi in Kastorn Polynesia loie tlii-y lire lost forever. have already fallen beforo the power of the gos(iel, and the prey lias been taken fiom the rni^^lily, and llio lawful cai>tivo8 delivered. But it is far there ho reigns otherwise yet, as we havo seen, in Western Polynesia almost triumphantly, only one o( his forts boing yet taken, viz, Anei:
leum, over which, the banner of the cross now lloats most >^loriously in lionour of kin;i Jesus, by ivhoso Spirit rendering tflectual the weapons Altho' (ho of His servants warfare, it has been so victoriously taken. attempt to take the enemy's citadnl at Tana Ins hitherto proved unsuccessful, and some •'.•oldiers of the cross have fallen In the cause of Jesus ; Tliis island, Erromango, and other yei there is nj cause to despair. strong holdaof Satan in the is'ew llebriJe.e, will soon fail before the migh-
Wo have much to encourage us in tbo great power of the go«pel. work of foreign missions in which we are engaged. Our Allies in this waifare, the London IM. Society, and the K. rresbyterian Church of Scotland, are noble champions of the truth, and by
Prince of darkness \i driven from his fortiliud possessions empire with a shout (riumjihant victory. IJut, above all other allies in this great woik, is the Lord Jesus Christ, who lias graciously [iromised, in a .special manner to bo with those, whoso ofllce,and duty it is to preach the gospel to the whole worll, to help them in subduing the kingdoms ot this worM to the sceptre of Jesus the king of Zion. What voice is this I hear, reechoing from Olive's sacred mount in heavenly accents and consoling f^tiains, to cheer the soldiers of the cress in their arduous work, as the Lord ascetuleu up on high amid the loud acclamations of attending angels, who cry one to another, "Ltft up your heads, O yo gales; and be ye lifted up, ye ever'asting doors and the king of glory shall come in '?--It is the voice of Jesus to His servants, whom llo requires to preach the gospel to every creature, saying, as none but the lovely and loving Jesus could say, "Lo, I am with yon alLo, 1 am witli you, when trouw/iy, even unto the end of the world ". bles rise and tempests frown as a very p.'esent source of support anddeas the shadow of a great rock fence ''as rivers of water In a dry place in a weary land ". Lo, 1 your Saviour am witii you 'n all your marchand the shining ings in the wilderness, as "a cloud and smoke by ui Lo, I ofa flaming fire by night ", to lead you to safety and to victory. am with you by my alniiglity and quickening Spirit, to give omnipotent force to the arrows of my quiver, to pierce the sinners heart in forcing taeir way through the granite fortitlcations of the unbelieving heart f-r Fear when the Spirit is como " He will convince the world of sin &" not, for 10, I— the I am with you, my Spirit promised shall be with you in genial showers, to cause my doctrine from your lips to distil as the rain, and my speech as the dew, until the wilderness and solitary and the "shall be glad for you pl«ces of the earth— desolated by sin it shall blossom abundantdesert shall rejoice and blossom as the rose May the good Lord tasten ly, and rejoice even with joy and singing ". the time, when many of the isles of Western Polynesia which are now waiting for the law of t'ao Lord, shall thus, be as a well watered garden which the Lord Las blessed— all iu flower wilb the off-shoots of the rose rest,
in this ])art of his
of Sharon, and the lily of the Vullev«; nn.l
A met). FnoM
nil Die glory slmll lie to U.iw wiih you al way, even unto the eiul oi'th' worlJ. *
Gicenlund'u iry inounciin.-,
From India> cernl Rtrnnd, Where Alrtc's sunny ttni-itainti lioll down tlioir golden sand From many an ancient river. From many a palmy pluin, They cull IIS to d;:livf r
Their land from error's chain
the ppicy hrcf'zuf lilow soil o'er Ceylon'd i.-^le Tliuii^li every prospect pleiuc;. And only man its vilo In vain, v.i'h lavl h kir.dnc:;. ;
Tim j;ifi3 of (lod are Htrewn; Tho hcalhen, in their blindncsi!, IJow down to wood and btono.
wp. whoso soula arc lijLtcd tVom on Lif»h ; Shall we, to man bpnli,ducd,
Tho lamp Salvaticii,
The joyful sonnd
proclaim, Till each remotest nation
Waft, waft, ye v.ind-!, I fie story, And you, ye waters, roll, Till, like a seaof qlory, It spreads from pole to pole: Xill o'er our ranaom'd nature, -The Lamb for sinners slain, Redeemer, King, Creator, In bliss returns
a This Tract has beni prepared and
published hy George N. Gordon,
'° ^'""'"'^ ''^''° Pf^P^ring for missionary service in
Syacui*, N. r
Syfatui*. N. y,